Silvia Izquierdo Badiola, Gerard Canal, Carlos Rizzo, Guillem Alenyà
Abstract: Human-Robot Collaboration (HRC) has become a major trend in robotics in recent years with the idea of combining the strengths from both humans and robots. In order to share the work to be done, many task planning approaches have been implemented. However, they don’t fully satisfy the required adaptability in human-robot collaborative tasks, with most approaches not considering neither the state of the human partner nor the possibility of adapting the collaborative plan during execution or even anticipating failures. In this paper, we present a planning system for human-robot collaborative plans that takes into account the agents’ states and deals with unforeseen human behaviour, by replanning in antic- ipation when the human state changes to prevent action failure. The human state is defined in terms of capacity, knowledge and motivation. The system has been implemented in a standardised environment using the Planning Domain Definition Language (PDDL) and the modular ROSPlan framework, and we have validated the approach in multiple simulation settings. Our results show that using the human model fosters an appropriate task allocation while allowing failure anticipation, replanning in time to prevent it.
The following video describes the important concepts of the paper, as presented at ICRA 2022.
This video presents a demonstration for a human-robot collaboration in a bottle recycling scenario. Failures in the collaboration are avoided by directly integrating an agent model in the AI task planning framework definition.