Publication

Using laser and vision to locate a robot in an industrial environment: A practical experience

Conference Article

Conference

IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)

Edition

2005

Pages

3539-3544

Doc link

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=1570656

File

Download the digital copy of the doc pdf document

Abstract

The fully flexible navigation of autonomous vehicles in industrial environments is still unsolved. It is hard to conciliate strict precision requirements with quick adaptivity to new settings without undergoing costly rearrangements. We are pursuing a research project trying to combine the precision of laser-based local positioning with the flexibility of vision-based robot motion estimation. An enhanced circle approach to dynamic triangulation combining laser and odometric signals has been used to improve positioning accuracy. As regards to vision, a novel technique relating the deformation of contours in an image sequence to the 3D motion underwent by the camera has been developed. Interestingly, contours are fitted to objects already present in the environment, without requiring any presetting. In this paper, we describe a practical experience conducted in the warehouse of a beer production factory in Barcelona. A database containing the laser readings, image sequences and robot odometry along several trajectories was compiled, and subsequently processed off-line in order to assess the accuracies of both techniques under a variety of circumstances. In all, vision-based estimation turned out to be about one order of magnitude less precise than laser-based positioning, which qualifies the vision-based technique as a promising alternative to accomplish robot transfers across long distances, such as

those needed in a warehouse, while backing up on laser-based positioning when accurate docking for loading and unloading operations is needed.



Categories

computer vision.

Scientific reference

G. Alenyà, J. Escoda, A.B. Martinez and C. Torras. Using laser and vision to locate a robot in an industrial environment: A practical experience, 2005 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2005, Barcelona, Espanya, pp. 3539-3544, IEEE.