Making non-centralized a model predictive control scheme by using distributed Smith dynamics

Conference Article


IFAC Conference on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC)





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This paper proposes a non--centralized Model Predictive Control (MPC) scheme for a system comprised by several sub-systems. Operational constraints for each subsystem are considered as well as a single coupled constraint on the control inputs that models a limitation of the emph{resource} supplied by the controller. If the underlying optimization problem is of large-scale nature, traditional MPC suffers from computational burden issues. A cause of this problem is the requirement of having centralized information to guarantee that the computed control actions satisfy the coupled constraint. In this work, a traditional MPC is made non--centralized by means of a strategy based on distributed population dynamics. The proposed methodology divides the problem into several local MPC controllers that coordinate their decisions by using a communication network without the need of a centralized scheme. It is proved that this methodology provides an optimal solution that satisfies both the operational constraints of each sub--system, and the coupled constraint of the control signals. Finally, the proposed method is compared with a traditional centralized MPC in an industrial problem that involves several continuously stirred tank reactors.


optimal control, predictive control.

Scientific reference

J. Barreiro-Gomez, G. Obando, C. Ocampo-Martínez and N. Quijano. Making non-centralized a model predictive control scheme by using distributed Smith dynamics, 5th IFAC Conference on Nonlinear Model Predictive Control, 2015, Seville, Vol 48:23 of IFAC-PapersOnLine, pp. 501-506, 2015.