Kinematic/dynamic SLAM for autonomous vehicles using the linear parameter varying approach

Journal Article (2022)









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Most existing algorithms in mobile robotics consider a kinematic robot model for the the Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) problem. However, in the case of autonomous vehicles, because of the increase in the mass and velocities, a kinematic model is not enough to characterize some physical effects as, e.g., the slip angle. For this reason, when applying SLAM to autonomous vehicles, the model used should be augmented considering both kinematic and dynamic behaviours. The inclusion of dynamic behaviour implies that nonlinearities of the vehicle model are most important. For this reason, classical observation techniques based on the the linearization of the system model around the operation point, such as the well known Extended Kalman Filter (EKF), should be improved. Consequently, new techniques of advanced control must be introduced to more efficiently treat the nonlinearities of the involved models. The Linear Parameter Varying (LPV) technique allows working with nonlinear models, making a pseudolinear representation, and establishing systematic methodologies to design state estimation schemes applying several specifications. In recent years, it has been proved in many applications that this advanced technique is very useful in real applications, and it has been already implemented in a wide variety of application fields. In this article, we present a SLAM-based localization system for an autonomous vehicle considering the dynamic behaviour using LPV techniques. Comparison results are provided to show how our proposal outperforms classical observation techniques based on model linearization.


control theory.

Scientific reference

P. Vial and V. Puig. Kinematic/dynamic SLAM for autonomous vehicles using the linear parameter varying approach . Sensors, 22(21): 8211, 2022.