In this paper, a modular thermal modelling approach for a water-cooled Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cell (PEM-FC) stack is proposed. The resultant model is based on the heat flux inside the stack and has been validated in a real test station. Then, a linear model predictive control (MPC) strategy for temperature regulation is designed and tested in simulation with promising results. The proposed MPC controller not only tackles the temperature regulation problem, but also incorporates necessary management constraints for the proper operation of the system in real conditions.


control system synthesis, control theory, optimisation, predictive control.

Author keywords

PEM fuel cells, control oriented modelling, industrial applications, thermal model, MPC

Scientific reference

J.D. Rojas, C. Ocampo-Martínez and C. Kunusch. Thermal modelling approach and model predictive control of a water-cooled PEM fuel cell system, 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2013, Vienna, Austria, pp. 3806-3811.