Uncertainty analysis of the DLT-lines calibration algorithm for cameras with radial distortion

Journal Article (2015)


Computer Vision and Image Understanding





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3D metric data of environmental structures is nowadays present in many information sources (maps, GIS) and can be easily acquired with modern depth sensing technology (RGBD, laser). This wealth of information can be readily used for single view calibration of 2D cameras with radial distortion, provided that image structures can be matched with the 3D data. In this paper we present an analysis of the level of accuracy that can be obtained when such calibration is performed with the 2D–3D DLT-Lines algorithm. The analysis propagates uncertainty in the detection of features at the image level to camera pose, and from there to 3D reconstruction. The analytic error propagation expressions are derived using first order uncertainty models, and are validated with Monte Carlo simulations in a virtual indoor environment. The method is general and can be applied to other calibration methods, as long as explicit or implicit expressions can be derived for the transformation from image coordinates to 3D reconstruction. We present results with real data for two applications: i) the 3D reconstruction of an outdoors building for which 3D information is given by a map, observed by a mobile phone camera; and ii) the uncertainty in the localization at the floor plane of points observed by a fixed camera calibrated by a robot equipped with an RGBD camera navigating in a typical indoor environment.


computer vision.

Author keywords

DLT-Lines, camera calibration, error propagation, uncertainty analysis

Scientific reference

R. Galego, A.A. Ortega, R. Ferreira, A.J. Bernardino Malheiro, J. Andrade-Cetto and J. Gaspar. Uncertainty analysis of the DLT-lines calibration algorithm for cameras with radial distortion. Computer Vision and Image Understanding, 140: 115-126, 2015.