In this article we propose an algorithm to reduce the affects caused by linearization in the typical EKF approach to SLAM. The technique consists in computing the vehicle prior using an Unscented Transformation. The UT allows a better nonlinear mean and variance estimation than the EKF. There is no need however in using the UT for the entire vehicle map state, given the linearity in the map part of the model. By applying the UT only to the vehicle states we get more accurate covariance estimates. The a posteriori estimation is made using a fully observable EKF step, thus preserving the same computational complexity as the EKF with sequential innovation. Experiments over a standard SLAM data set show the behavior of the algorithm.



Author keywords

robotics, slam

Scientific reference

J. Andrade-Cetto, T. Vidal-Calleja and A. Sanfeliu. Unscented transformation of vehicle states in SLAM, 2005 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, 2005, Barcelona, Spain, pp. 323-328, IEEE.