An integrated pollution-based real-time control (RTC) approach is proposed for a sewer network (SN) integrated with wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in a sanitation system (SS) to mitigate the impacts of pollution from combined sewer overflows (CSOs) on ecosystems. To obtain the optimal solution for the SS while considering both quantity and quality dynamics for multiple objectives, model predictive control (MPC) is selected as the optimal control method. To integrate SN and WWTP management, a feedback coordination algorithm is developed. A closed-loop virtual-reality simulator is used to assess the results of the optimal management approach achieved by applying MPC. The Badalona SS (Spain) provides a pilot case study to assess the efficacy and applicability of the proposed approach. A comparison with local rule-based and volume-based control strategies currently in use indicates that the proposed integrated pollution-based RTC approach can reduce the pollutant loads released to the receiving environment.


control theory, mathematical programming.

Scientific reference

C. Sun, L. Romero, B. Joseph, J. Meseguer, E. Muñoz, R. Guasch, M. Martinez, V. Puig and G. Cembrano. Integrated pollution-based real-time control of sanitation systems. Journal of Environmental Management, 269: 110798, 2020.