We present a novel vehicle detection and tracking system that works solely on 3D LiDAR information. Our approach segments vehicles using a dual-view representation of the 3D LiDAR point cloud on two independently trained convolutional neural networks, one for each view. A bounding box growing algorithm is applied to the fused output of the networks to properly enclose the segmented vehicles. Bounding boxes are grown using a probabilistic method that takes into account also occluded areas. The final vehicle bounding boxes act as observations for a multi-hypothesis tracking system which allows to estimate the position and velocity of the observed vehicles. We thoroughly evaluate our system on the KITTI benchmarks both for detection and tracking separately and show that our dual-branch classifier consistently outperforms previous single-branch approaches, improving or directly competing to other state of the art LiDAR-based methods.


robots, transport control.

Author keywords

Deep convolutional neural network, vehicle detection and tracking, LiDAR, point cloud

Scientific reference

V. Vaquero, I. del Pino, F. Moreno-Noguer, J. Solà, A. Sanfeliu and J. Andrade-Cetto. Dual-branch CNNs for vehicle detection and tracking on LiDAR data. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 22(11): 6942-6953, 2021.